Skateboarding is the pioneer of extreme sports, many other extreme sports find their roots in skateboarding. Skateboards made its first appearance when the idea of surfing on land in the late 1950s was realized, and skateboarding soon became a quite popular sport in early 1960s.
There are several types of skateboarding tricks, including THE AERIAL (on the slider), THE INVERT (on the U stage), and THE OLLIE (take off with the board). These are the most important skateboarding tricks. And of course, the flap too.
Two international skateboarding organizations are well known around the world, they are INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF SKATEBOARD COMPANIES (IASC) and WORLD CUP SKATEBOARDING (WCS).
History of Skateboarding
Before skateboarding, surfing used to be what fun-seekers love most. However, you need to travel far away to the beach to surf. So one day, people started to think about if they are able to surf on the land.
In the middle 1950s, residents of the Southern California beach community invented the world's first skateboard. A 50X10X50CM woodblock was mounted on the wheels made of iron steel and the first skateboard was then made. Simple as it was, great attention was paid to these primitive skateboards because they make you feel just like surfing.
The second generation of skateboards made the first appearance in 1962. They consist of a panel of oak laminates, a roller skating steering bridge and plastic wheels. Compared with the first generation, this kind of skateboard was undoubtedly a technological leap. However, the performance of the plastic wheel of this skateboard was not yet satisfactory. Its traction was low, thus easy to lose control when it made sharp turns. Its low elasticity was the reason why it went to a sudden stop even in front of small obstacles, getting skaters to fall to the ground. What's more, its wear resistance is terrible. Despite all this, the skateboard is still popular among skaters. It had made a great improvement compared with the last generation and the larger panels made it easier for skaters to stand on and manuever.
In 1973, a skateboarder named Frank put a pair of polyurethane wheels on his skateboard and received unexpected results. These flexible wheels were wear-resistant, allowing skaters to make safe and steady turns, and to smash the small obstacles on the ground with ease. This was then the third generation of skateboards. In the mid-1970s, the time when skateboarding went on to rapid development, the potential of polyurethane was greatly exerted. As the improvement of polyurethane wheels went on, the skateboard had what it needed to intensify traction and increase speed. It wouldn't be surprise if they could skate onto the wall!
Since skateboarding rooted in surfing, the skateboarding culture of the 1970s had the traits of surfing culture. The skate parks built by skateboarders are the terrain simulating surfing. The "Westerly" skateboard team in Santa Monica, California, once abandoned the surf props and used the keyhole swimming pool instead as the venue for practicing vertical surface skateboards. Soon the "pool skateboard heat" rose and shined in the United States. At this point, the skateboarding began its boom. The skate park seemed to be everywhere, skaters community gathered around and gradually formed their own language, tricks, dressing codes and even music .
In the late 1980s, skaters have more to ask for performing their different kinds of tricks. They came out with an idea of two-headed shape skateboards for better experience in two-way sliding of the vert ramp. This was when the fourth generation of skateboards came to life. The material used to make this kind of skateboard was called Hard Rock Maple, which was lighter and had better elasticity. The skateboard wheels had high level of hardness and good elasticity, which is much better for high speed sliding. Due to the balance of its weight, the fourth generation skateboard can be used better to do various of flipping tricks.
In the early 1990s, skateboards changed from one end to two, and new tricks that could never be done with the last four generations of skateboard were then doable. This time came the era of technical tricks of skateboarding. The skaters developed many new moves and the skateboard was continually improved to meet these new requirements. The skateboard decks was getting narrower and the wheels getting smaller. A typical skateboard is only 7 inches wide at this time, and the diameter of the wheels is only about 39mm. Although such a skateboard is easier for skaters to do complex tricks, the size of the wheels hindered its gliding performance. Nowadays, the skateboards commonly used in extreme sport competitions in the world are those of the fourth generation. The boards are generally cold-pressed with five layers, seven layers or nine layers of maple wood, and are also made of aluminum alloy, carbon fiber and other materials. A non-slip layer (commonly known as "sand" Griptape) is applied to the surface of the board. The wheel is generally made of polyurethane. The skateboard bracket made of alloy (also called "steering bridge" Truck) is connected to the board surface. And let's not forget the skateboard bearings inside the wheels, which are great helps for the wheels to reduce friction and increase speed.
1. Street Skateboarding Just like its name implies, street style is about skateboarding using everything you can on the street. Stairs, handrails, panter boxes, drainage ditches, park benches, you name it. Skaters can perform tricks around, on, onto or over these street furniture. Usually they set up their boards with 55mm wheels and narrower decks to make them flip and spin faster, thus easier to perform tricks.
2. Downhill Skateboarding As one of the oldest styles of skateboarding, downhill skateboarding has been popular since early 1970s. Skaters often use longboards for races, but some use regular skateboards for non-competition downhill skateboarding.
3. Vert Skateboarding During 1970s, skaters rode their skateboards in emptied backyard swimming pools, which was once called the "pool riding". Normally they will move from the horizontal to the vertical to do their tricks, that's why they called it vert skateboarding. They set up their boards with 55mm wheels and wider decks for more stability.
Skateboarding is characterized by slippery behavior, advocating a free movement, experiencing and creating a feeling of supergravity, bringing joy and creativity to the skater. Skateboarding is different from traditional sports. It does not stick to a fixed pattern. It requires the skater to freely use his imagination, create in the process of movement, exercise with creativity, emphasize the freedom of mind and body, and respect the sporting year of integration with nature. Skateboarding has a self-challenge, ornamental stimuli, and high-tech penetration that exceeds the limits of mind and body. People perfect humanity in sports, and the essence of returning to nature has been fully emphasized. In the prosperous city, there is a hidden extreme sports feature that returns to nature, integrates nature, challenges itself, and achieves the realm of harmony between man and nature. In Europe and the United States and various developing countries, participating in extreme sports has become the most popular and long-lasting fashion for urban youth. Participating in extreme sports has become the dream of the vast majority of urban youth!